Nesebar is one of the oldest cities in Europe, originated more than 3200 years ago. The old town lies on a small peninsula with a length of 850 meters and a width of 350 meters, connected by a narrow isthmus to the mainland.

Nesebar

Nesebar is one of the oldest cities in Europe, originated more than 3200 years ago. The old town lies on a small peninsula with a length of 850 meters and a width of 350 meters, connected by a narrow isthmus to the mainland.

Nesebar is one of the oldest cities in Europe, originated more than 3200 years ago. The old town lies on a small peninsula with a length of 850 meters and a width of 350 meters, connected by a narrow isthmus to the mainland. Nesebar peninsula, called the early Middle Ages Mesemvria and later Nesebar, was settled in the late Bronze Age. Mesambria had two convenient ports - north and south, where you can still further discovered remnants of the old ship equipment.

At the end of VI BC. first Greek colonists from Dorikischer origin arrived in the village. The city grew rapidly and became a typical Greek polis, gradually surrounded by massive ramparts, temples were formed in neighborhoods, sports halls and theaters were built.

For the first time, the city was conquered the territory of the Bulgarian state in 812 Khan Krum after a siege of 14 days and here settled Slavs and Bulgars. Meanwhile, after years of expansion and decline, the city is within the Bulgarian state, then the Byzantine Empire, then under Ottoman rule.

According to legends there are about 40 churches in existence in Nesebar. There are data for 23 of them. And now because of the many well-preserved churches, especially from the period XIII - XIV century which was called "Bulgarian Ravenna".

Due to its unique nature and very well-preserved monuments from different eras, Old Nesebar was added to the list of world heritage by UNESCO.

 

 

 

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