Varna is located in northeastern Bulgaria, on the Black Sea. Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria and the largest Bulgarian Black Sea coast with a population of about 330 000 people. Because of the history and the economic and cultural significance is often called "The sea capital of Bulgaria."
The average January temperature in Varna is +1.7 ° C average temperature in July +22.8 ° C, average +12.2 ° C., which makes it very suitable for sea vacations in the warmer months of the year.
The town was founded in the VI BC and named Odesos by immigrants from Asia Minor city of Miletus. For a short time he became a polis and one of the most important ports and commercial centers of the Black Sea.
Several decades Odessos was within the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great, but later restored its independence and again rose as economic, commercial and cultural center. The city has emitted its own coins, which testifies to its economic development.
In '15 AD Odessos was included in the Roman Empire. In 1201 Bulgarian Tsar Kaloyan (1197 - 1207) joins the city to Bulgaria, and in 1366 Varna was assigned to the medieval ruler Dobrotitsa, serving as its capital. In 1398 Varna was conquered by the Ottomans. During the Renaissance (XVIII - XIX c.) the city is developing as a cultural and commercial center.
Today the city is a modern city with a rich cultural calendar. Here are two of the most modern multifunctional halls in the country - Palace of Culture and Sports and the Festival and Congress Center, enabling the holding of numerous international film festivals, scientific forums and sporting events, including the International Theatre Festival "Varna Summer", Ethnic Festival, International jazz Festival "Varna summer" , International Folklore Festival – Varna, International film Festival "Love is folly", International Festival of Puppet Art "Golden dolphin", International photographic salon, Festival of the Bulgarian film "Golden rose" and others.
With its modern port, railway junction and an international airport that connect 35 countries and over 100 cities in the world, Varna is one of the largest transportation centers in Bulgaria.
The strategic location of the city on the map of southeastern Europe has made the city from ancient times into one of the largest settlements on the Black Sea. Back from this period dated many monuments, exposed today in the city Archaeological Museum. It’s impressive collection includes artifacts from the Varna Chalcolithic necropolis - the oldest gold treasure in the world located today, dating back six thousand years.
From the other museums that evoke keen interest is the Naval Museum whose collection include exhibits related to the Bulgarian naval and commercial shipping and Ethnographic Museum - representing the rich diversity in culture and lifestyle of the population in Varna region from the second half of the XIX and early XX century.
As a cultural center Varna has built one of the largest and richest galleries of Fine Arts in Bulgaria.
Exhibition of icons painted in the Renaissance, are kept in the church "St. Athanasius ", built in the XIII century, and next to it is one of the most interesting historical landmarks - Roman Baths - the largest Roman bath on the Balkan Peninsula with an area of 7000 square meters. It is the fourth largest in Europe, after the baths of Caracalla and Diocletian in Rome and Trevira (Trier, Germany). Used until the end of III century.
Another tourist site worthy of attention is the Aquarium. It is a center for popularizing the Black Sea’s flora and fauna. It presents the first and only marine biological exposure in the country. In the Dolphinarium, located in the Sea Park, tourists can enjoy the unique Dolphin show presented in an interesting way with dolphins and their trainers. It is led in four languages simultaneously: Bulgarian, Russian, German and English, and includes many attractions: acrobatics, balancing, music, singing, dancing and games with the audience. Its duration is 40 minutes.
Near Varna, in "St. Konstantin and Elena” distr. is located the University Botanical Garden - Eco Park. It is the first ecological park in the country, combining artificial and natural ecosystems. The park is located on an area of 360 acres. Plant collections include more than 300 species of exotic trees and shrubs, and the herbaceous plants are more than 100 species. The eco-park offers exotic meetings with plants from around the world: sea pine, tulip tree, ginkgo duple, sterculia, iron wood, hard wood, evergreen oak tree Mammoth and many others. In the rosary park are grown more than 30 kinds of roses.
The Feast of Varna is celebrated on the Day of the Assumption - August 15th.